What is Kambo?
Kambo is harvested from the poisonous secretions of the Amazon tree frog, Phyllomedusa bicolor. The Kambo ceremony involves making several small burns at specific locations on the body and applying the poison to the burns. Kambo initially causes a generally unpleasant period of increased heart rate, nausea, vomiting, and incontinence that lasts 30 to 40 minutes. This is followed by a period of listlessness and eventually some long-lasting effects.
The use of Kambo in the traditional ceremony has not been studied in any randomized controlled trials. However, many studies have investigated the health benefits of numerous active peptides found in the frog venom.
Shamanic understanding of Kambo.
The Frog medicine
Kambo is known as one of the most powerful Amazonian practice for enchasing the immune system and "reloading" your body moreover its one of the most powerful, natural antibiotics and anesthetics found in the world.
Kambo is the name given to the waxy, poisonous secretion of a tree frog that is used by the indigenous tribes to heal and strengthen the body, mind and spirit. The scientific name for this frog is Phyllomedusa bicolor or "Two-Colored Leaf Guardian." It is also known as the "Giant Green Monkey Tree Frog." This frog lives in the northwestern part of the Amazon Rainforest where the natives use it to gain strength, build immunity, cure illnesses, aid in "hunting magic" and also to get rid of "panema" (bad luck). It is a deep cleansing therapy – – physically, emotionally and mentally. It detoxifies the liver and intestines, improves mental functioning, and has the potential to dissolve emotional blocks. It also helps to reset our cellular memory.
The tribes also use it to ward off the enemy, to rid one of laziness, lack of desire, sadness, mental, spiritual and physical weakness, low self-esteem and disharmony with nature. In the Amazon Rainforest, this medicine is known to bring happiness to those who take it, to bring luck, and to unblock and circulate the heart chakra among many other benefits.
Scientific understanding of Kambo effects
Components of Kambo venom
Kambo contains many peptides that are active in the body, including phyllocaerulein, phyllomedusin, phyllokinin, sauvagine, dermaseptins, adenoregulin, deltorphin, and dermorphin
Mechanism of Action of Kambo
The peptides from Kambo have incredibly diverse effects in the body. They are absorbed directly into the bloodstream through burns in the skin. The following peptides have been discovered in Kambo:
- Phyllocaerulein (150 to 600 ug/g fresh tissue) stimulates gut flow, stomach acid secretion, and lowers blood pressure
- Phyllomedusin (tachykinin, NK1 activator) and phyllokinin (bradykinin) contract the gut and lower blood pressure (by dilating blood vessels). Phyllomedusin also acts on the brain to alter consciousness and behavior
- Sauvagine stimulates the adrenals and dopamine release. It causes the smooth muscles to contract and acts as a depressant in the brain (i.e., "downer")
- Dermaseptin B2 fights microbes and may combat cancer
- Adenoregulin affects the activity of important neurotransmitters and compounds (adenosine, adrenaline, and serotonin (5-HT1A)). It's responsible for the initial listlessness and eventually an intense "flight or fight" response
- Deltorphins (delta-opioid receptor activator) and dermorphin (mu-opioid receptor activator) act as opioids to relieve pain and induce euphoria
Health Benefits of Kambo
1) Kambo Cleanse
Kambo is known for its intense and immediate purgatory effects that generally result in vomiting and diarrhea that can last up to 4 hours, which may remove toxins from the body. The ritual, performed by both tribes and urban people, has been documented and described in detail. Several peptides in Kambo are probably responsible for the effect
The phylloceruelean peptide in Kambo increased acid production in the stomach, contracted the small intestine, and increased pancreas activity
Stomach acid production was also increased by phylloceruleean
Additionally, the peptide phyllomedusin led to stomach spasms
2) Kambo May Help Relieve Stress and Anxiety
Kambo users frequently report improved mood. The Kambo peptide, dermorphin, decreased blood levels of the "stress hormone" cortisol in 28 healthy human subjects
A synthetic dermorphin reduced pain and anxiety in rats under stress after several days of repeated use
Deltorphins experienced an increase in overall movement and social interactions, which points to a decrease in anxiety
3) Kambo Relieves Pain
Deltorphin and dermorphin, found in the skin of the Amazon frog (Phyllomedusa bicolorand other related species), are opioid peptides with promising pain-relieving effectsand minimal toxicity
Deltorphin peptides relieved pain by acting opioid-like (via delta-opioid receptors)
Deltorphin also relieved pain with chronic inflammation
Studies in cow brain blood vessels show deltorphin is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. This is important in order for the peptides to have an effect on the brain and reduce pain
Many research efforts are directed toward discovering peptides similar to deltorphin for the treatment of pain
Since dermorphin also relieves pain (but via mu-opioid receptors), researchers are aiming to optimize dermorphin as a safe alternative to morphine
4) Kambo Has Anticancer Properties
Dermaseptin B2, one of many peptides found in Kambo, blocked the growth of prostate cancer by promoting cell death
Dermaseptin B2 also stopped the growth of many human cancers in cell studies, including mouth cancer, prostate cancer, and brain tumors
Additionally, in cellular studies, Dermaseptin B2 blocked processes that led to new blood vessel growth, which is useful in treating cancer because it blocks the flow of nutrients to growing tumors
When nanoparticles were used to deliver dermaseptin to cancer cells, it had a stronger anticancer effect
5) Kambo May Help Treat Addiction
Tachykinins are small proteins that affect reward, motivation, and stress responses in the brain, which are disrupted in addiction. Molecules that can reach the brain and increase tachykinin activity (by binding to receptors) have the potential for treating addiction
Phyllomedusin is one tachykinin found in Kambo that is likely responsible for the effects of Kambo in treating addiction
6) Kambo Lowers Blood Pressure
Kambo users commonly report a drop in blood pressure as one of their symptoms during the initial unpleasant phase of Kambo cleansing. Two peptides found in Kambo (phylloceruelean and a physalaemin-like peptide) lowered blood pressure
7) Kambo May Protect the Heart
Deltorphin II, one of the peptides from Kambo, had increased blood flow to the heart, which prevented irregular heartbeat. This peptide is being researched as a new treatment for heart attacks
8) Kambo Is Antimicrobial
Many of the peptides found in the secretions of the tree frog can fight microbes, which protect the frog from infections. They have a wide spectrum of microbe-fighting activity
Adenoregulin fights both fungus and bacteria and is especially effective against E. coli and yeast.
Dermaseptins are another class of peptides found in Kambo that kill both gram positive and gram negative bacteria as well as yeast.
Dermaspetin is also antiviral. It killed the herpes virus in cell studies but must be applied before the virus binds to host cells.
Biofilm infections are notoriously resistant and difficult to treat, often requiring high doses of antibiotics over a long duration. Dermaseptins stopped biofilm growth and were less toxic to cells than antibiotics.
Another peptide from Kambo, Phyllospetin-1, can also fight infections. It is especially potent against a bacteria that commonly cause skin infections (Staphylococcus aureus);and its associated biofilm.